Rosacea is a chronic skin condition that can cause redness, flushing, and bumps on the face. While there is no cure for rosacea, there are many steps you can take to reduce Rosacea symptoms and promote healthy, clear skin. In this article, we’ll explore the best practices for skincare for Rosacea, including tips and tricks for choosing the right cleansers, moisturizers, sunscreens, and other lifestyle changes that can help to reduce flare-ups.
Rosacea is a common skin condition characterized by redness and facial rashes. Although symptoms often come and go, they can become worse with environmental triggers like temperature extremes or sun exposure.
Mistakenly diagnosed as acne or an allergic reaction, there’s no cure, and experts don’t understand its causes. Some individuals are predisposed to developing it genetically. In contrast, others can experience more episodes due to having immune systems more responsive to environmental change.
Rosacea’s most characteristic symptom is facial redness that often extends into the nose area, signaling to our immune systems that something in the environment, such as heat or cold, may trigger it too much for them to handle. Rosacea can cause redness around the eyes, leading to discomfort and possibly corneal damage in severe cases. Therefore, anyone experiencing symptoms must see their doctor immediately if this occurs.
Your dermatologist will assess your skin and may suggest medication to relieve the redness and bumps caused by Rosacea. Drugs may take the form of pills, creams, or gels; your physician will monitor how these affect your symptoms to adjust as necessary.
Treatment will vary depending on the type of Rosacea each individual suffers from; some only need anti-mite medicine, while others will need multiple drugs to control redness.
A dermatologist will also help identify which factors trigger Rosacea flare-ups and devise a plan to manage them, such as using ice packs to decrease inflammation or applying green tea extracts as a soothing agent on your face.
Choosing the Right Skincare Products
If you suffer from rosacea, finding skincare products that won’t exacerbate its redness or flushing can be challenging. While it is best to avoid ingredients that irritate the skin directly, there are still essential skincare items that may provide relief and relieve symptoms.
First and foremost, the dermatologists we consulted stressed the importance of choosing a mild cleanser that won’t dry out your skin. Astringents and exfoliants that may aggravate sensitive skin should also be avoided to minimize irritation.
Fragrances or essential oils that aggravate irritation, such as cinnamon, rosemary, lavender, or rose oil, should be avoided. Look for products with ingredients such as aloe vera, shea butter, glycerin, carrot seed oil, and chamomile that provide additional hydrating and soothing benefits for the skin.
Finally, wearing sunscreen containing zinc oxide or titanium dioxide must protect your skin from the sun’s damaging rays that exacerbate rosacea flare-ups. For best results, select products with these active ingredients, as they will provide optimal coverage.
For added hydration, moisturizers containing hyaluronic acid or glycolic acid will provide additional support, helping your skin re-plump up and decrease redness.
Additionally, avoiding alcohol-based skincare products and any ingredients that might sting or irritate the skin is wise. According to a National Rosacea Society survey, respondents cited alcohol, witch hazel, fragrances, menthol peppermint oil, and salicylic acid as some of the most irritating components associated with their rosacea skin.
Finding the appropriate skincare products can be daunting and frustrating, but taking the time to research and understand your skin before buying any new products is important. Also, consult your physician before changing your skincare routine or purchasing new items.
Creating an Effective Skincare Routine
Whether or not you have been diagnosed with Rosacea, finding skincare that soothes and relieves symptoms is integral to maintaining good skin.
Dermatologists advise following a simple routine:
- Wash with a gentle cleanser.
- Moisturize with a light moisturizer.
- Use sunscreen daily to minimize UV exposure.
According to Dr. Zeichner, keeping rosacea at bay begins with keeping the skin barrier functioning efficiently and soothing inflammation.
Sonya Dakar, an esteemed facialist, recommends an effective yet gentle cleanser with oat extract called Calm, which can strengthen your skin’s barrier function to decrease redness and irritation.
An effective and gentle solution to managing Rosacea symptoms is to switch from traditional facial cleansers to an oil-cleansing method, like Mokosh Makeup Remover & Cleansing oil (all skin types). Mokosh offers this effective yet gentle method of cleansing your face while replenishing essential omega-6 fatty acids in your skin’s cells.
Finally, to keep sensitive skin in its best condition, you should avoid harsh soap and astringent products, such as those containing harsh ingredients like coconut or jojoba oils which contain natural cleansers that can irritate it. Look instead for products without harmful substances and packed with gentle cleansers such as these to get a gentle cleanser without irritating sensitive skin.
As well as avoiding harsh soaps and astringents, it is also wise to avoid harsh exfoliators, which may further irritate and break out your skin. If you still decide to exfoliate, use water-activated scrubs like Mokosh Exfoliator and Mask (All Skin Types), which gently exfoliates to remove dead cells while stimulating healthy cell turnover for maximum benefits.
Symptoms of Rosacea that persist or worsen should consult a dermatologist regarding treatment options, including medications, laser therapies, and topical creams.
Tips and Tricks for Reducing Redness and Flushing
Rosacea can cause facial redness and flushing, although its cause varies widely. Therefore, you must learn what’s triggering the redness to reduce and treat it effectively.
There are various strategies for relieving facial redness and flushing depending on its cause. For instance, acne or an inflammatory skin condition often results in flushed cheeks, so applying gentle cleansers with warm water may be sufficient to help soothe them.
Use a green-tinted foundation to reduce redness in your cheeks and even out your complexion. However, if the issue persists, it’s best to see a physician for diagnosis.
Anti-inflammatory medicines and supplements may also help to decrease facial redness while also helping prevent future flare-ups of rosacea. A daily dose of vitamin C – which promotes collagen production while reducing inflammation – may prove effective.
Manuka honey can provide another soothing and anti-inflammatory solution when applied topically. Research has demonstrated how this natural, refreshing substance in cream form can reduce UV radiation sensitivity while aiding tissue healing.
Applying ice to your face at the first sign of a Rosacea flare-up can help to reduce swelling and redness in the area, providing cooling relief to ensure you remain cool during an attack. Remember to reapply after the flare-up has subsided to maintain cool skin temperatures.
Dermatologists can prescribe skincare routines and products designed to manage rosacea effectively. By changing your diet and avoiding triggers that exacerbate it, a dermatologist may suggest ways to limit exposure to things that aggravate it and thus keep flare-ups at bay.
The Importance of Sun Protection
Various factors can cause Rosacea to flare up, but sun exposure is one of the primary triggers. Direct sun can heat the skin, promoting its blood vessels to dilate beneath its surface and appear as flushes on its surface.
Even though effective treatments exist to address rosacea-related redness and flushing, the key to preventing its return is using sunscreens to shield your skin from sun rays.
A suitable sunscreen for skin with Rosacea should be oil-free, hypoallergenic, and contain soothing ingredients without harmful chemicals and fragrances. Your sunscreen should provide broad-spectrum UVA/UVB protection and be at least SPF 30 with antioxidants to combat free radicals which could damage the skin.
Suppose you suffer from rosacea-prone skin when shopping for sunscreen. In that case, it is wise to purchase products formulated with zinc oxide or titanium dioxide, as these are less irritating to your skin and offer more year-round protection than chemical ones.
Zinc oxide is an anti-inflammatory, which helps relieve skin irritation that could otherwise lead to flare-ups. Furthermore, zinc oxide helps normalize visible blood vessels and decrease redness in your skin.
Sunscreen must be worn regularly and applied liberally to maximize its effectiveness. It would help if you aimed to cover every part of your face and body that may come into contact with sunlight – from ears and necks, through scalps and feet; even on cloudy days, its rays can penetrate deep enough into these areas to cause problems.
References: Skincare for Rosacea
Evidence of Barrier Deficiency in Rosacea and the Importance of Integrating OTC Skincare Products into Treatment Regimens – PubMed (nih.gov)
Skincare in Rosacea from the Cosmetologist’s Perspective: A Narrative Review – PMC (nih.gov)
Azelaic Acid Topical : MedlinePlus Drug Information